All rights reserved. Other common names, Spekboom, Pork bush, dwarf jade and tree purslane. Let’s take a look at how plants make more plants in ways other than from seeds. Q. 0 Shares 0. It grows up 3 feet (90 cm) tall with a spread of 4 feet (1.2 m). It is also widely used in Southern African cuisine, added to salads, soups, and stews to add a sour flavor. 0. A 50-50 mix of coarse sand and perlite works well, as does a mixture of half coarse grit and half compost. Elephant Bush adapts to either full sun or shade, is not particular about the pH, but does require well-drained soil. Mulch: Mulch only in freezing conditions during the first three years. It is also known as Elephant Bush, Dwarf Jade, Mini Jade, Elephant food, Chinese Jade Plant, Pork Bush, Rainbow Bush, Rainboe Elephant Bush, Spekboom (Afrikaans for bacon tree), miniature jade or small leaf jade (but not related to Crassula ovata … This succulent does well in dry environments and is more resistant than most plants. Growing Conditions and General Care. This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions: Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Apply the fertilizer to moist soil to prevent root burn and discontinue feeding if the elephant bush produces leggy growth, which is a sign of too much nitrogen. Add a 1/4 to 1/2 inch (0.6 to 1.2 cm) layer of gravel over the top of the pot to conserve water and prevent soil from spilling over the edges when watering. Recent molecular tests indicate that this genus should instead be placed in the Didiereaceae, which is otherwise only found in Madagascar. To grow a new plant out of the mature elephant bush, you can use stem cuttings for easy propagation. Place the stalk in a moistened, well-draining container. Insert the stem of the cutting into the mixture to a depth of 2 inches (5 cm). If it resists your efforts, roots have formed. The roots aren't deep, so plant Elephant's Foot in a shallow pot, filled with a porous, well-drained potting soil. Allow cut surface to callous over before planting. Soil should be moist, but never soggy. BACK TO genus Portulacaria Leave the stem out for several days, so the end can callous. In the winter months, your plant will need less water as its growth slows. Portulacaria afra, growing from cuttings. Water only when the soil is completely dry, then saturate the soil completely. As the branches get too heavy, some break off, often rooting where they fall and beginning new plants. Portulacaria Afra Pronounced por-tew-luh-KAR-ee-uh AF-ruh is a bushy succulent shrub belonging to the Didiereaceae family. Elephant bush is adaptable to different soil types as long as the drainage is good. Grow potted elephant bush plants in unglazed ceramic containers with large drainage holes at the bottom. https://worldofsucculents.com/how-to-propagate-a-elephant-bush Elephant bush requires very little hands-on care and will thrive despite neglect. Carlsbad, California. Cut the elephant bush stem 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10cm) from the end at an angle. For potted plants, add water until it trickles from the drainage holes at the base of the pot. Elephant Food Portulacaria Afra Elephant’s Food is a versatile succulent that has been known by many names around the world throughout its long reign of popularity. Simply twist the stem to remove it from the main branch or cut it with a very sharp, sanitized blade. 1. The Portulacaria Afra or the Elephant Bush is a perennial succulent shrub native to South Africa. Indoors is an excellent place to grow elephant bush houseplants. Let’s take a look at how plants make more plants in ways other than from seeds. Negative: On Jun 14, 2013, cactusmother from Scottsdale, AZ wrote: Help! Remove a stem from the main plant, and allow it to callous for several days before placing on well-draining soil. Firm the soil down with your hands to level the surface. In its native habitat, the plant is heavily browsed and eaten by elephants, wild game, and tortoises. Take the Cuttings. Firm the soil around the stem with your hands to secure it in the soil. Known as “Elephant Food,” Portulacaria afra is used as livestock food in Cape Province and is a favorite food of elephants comprising up to 80% of their diet. Repot when the plant has filled the container or roots are growing out the drainage holes. Step 1 Put on waterproof gloves to prevent elephant ear's mildly irritating sap from touching your skin. See more ideas about planting flowers, elephant plant, elephant ear plant. During the summer months, water elephant bush deeply but infrequently whenever the soil feels dry just beneath the surface. ... low in organic content, sandy, somewhat tolerant otherwise. Elephant Food. Pruning shears, or scissors can bruise the stem, causing delayed healing. Originally from Africa, it is extremely drought, heat, and sun tolerant, while also accepting more moisture than our desert succulents. 6. See more ideas about plants, elephant plant, house plants. You should leave the fallen leaves alone and let them do their thing. Set the stem aside for a few days in the shade until the cut is covered with callous. Set the pot in a warm, bright location out of direct sun. I have the opportunity to buy 100 cuttings of this plant for propagation. 5. Gather a 2- to 4-inch-long stem with healthy foliage at the tip and a sturdy stem. LIGHT. Growing Elephant Bush. Many prefer to pour the rooting powder into a paper cup and then dispose of the excess powder and cup together. Portulacaria afra (Elephant Food) - An upright growing plant (8-12 feet tall) with reddish brown stems and 1/2 inch long emerald green succulent leaves. Expose the plant's roots carefully by digging into the soil 8 to 12 inches from the plant's base. It’s also known as dwarf jade plant for its similarity in appearance to Crassula, as well as Spekboom in Afrikaans. In the garden, choose a location with some light midday shade in hotter climates because too much direct sun can cause the leaves to change color and burn. My succulent elephant foot plant has white flowers with maroon centers and a gray trunk. Take a pair of sharp garden shears and obtain a cutting that is about 3 to 4 inches long and has plenty of leaves. If planting indoors, place it in a sunny window. Stick the elephant bush cutting into a pot of moistened growing medium so the bottom set of leaves rests on the surface and then press the medium firmly against the stem. Expel a stem out of the plant using a sterile razor blade or sharp pair of scissors. Elephant bushes love light and thrive in south-facing windowsills. Carlsbad, California. Dec 23, 2017 - Want to get more greenery without spending the other kind of green (money)? Phoenix, Arizona(2 reports) Tucson, Arizona. Bright light, warm temperatures and fast-draining soil are all vital to successfully planting and... Caring for Elephant Bush. Variegated Elephant Food makes a fine choice for the outdoor landscape, but it is also well-suited for use in outdoor pots and containers. Elephant Bush or Elephant Food (also known as Portulacaria afra) is one of the world’s most popular succulent garden shrub or bonsai subject.This cutie is a perfect addition to both your indoor and outdoor succulent garden. This is not a plant for a small area unless you plan on pruning it yearly (very easy to prune by the way). 4. Set the elephant bush cutting in a dry, shaded place with good air circulation for several days until the severed end dries out and appears calloused, as recommended by UC Master Gardeners of Butte County. Expose the plant's roots carefully by … Avoid beds where water pools after rain as well as beds with drip irrigation. To develop your own Elephant Bush, propagation can give fantastic outcomes, for the most part, beginning in the spring. Regional. 2. All of a sudden my elephant food in an 8'x8' brick planter is yellowing off and looks like it is dying. Regional. Portulacaria afra (known as elephant bush, dwarf jade plant, porkbush and spekboom in Afrikaans) is a small-leaved succulent plant found in South Africa.These succulents commonly have a reddish stem and leaves that are green, but also a variegated cultivar is often seen in cultivation. There is a variegated variety with a mixture of cream and green foliage. I do not really find the need to use a rooting hormone but some people prefer using it to speed up the process and also guarantee success. Look for new leaf growth, which indicates successful rooting. Recent research has shown this plant to be an excellent carbon sponge as it has the ability to sequestrate free carbon from the atmosphere using two different photosynthetic pathways. This is important to prevent the stem from rotting when you plant it. WATER. As it is suggested by the name “Elephant Food,” this succulent is eaten by elephants but feeds goats and tortoises as well. Since your plant is so old, cutting the top will probably make it branch at that point. How to Propagate Portulacaria afra “Elephant Bush” Cuttings. Portulacaria afra, commonly known as Elephant Bush, is a popular succulent native to South Africa. Help! Elephant Bush plant is a succulent with fleshy, glossy leaves that grows as a small bush. Propagation: Elephant Bush can easily be propagated from cuttings. produce large heart-shaped leaves that impress with their bright red, green, cream and purple colors. Mix four parts sand or perlite with one part potting soil and fill a pot 4 inches (10 cm) in diameter with the mixture. Been there for about 3-4 years. 9. Pick a healthy stem and cut it using sterile scissors. It’s also commonly referred to as Elephant Food, Elephant Plant, Elephant Succulent, Porkbush, Spekboom, and Small Leaf Jade. Portulacaria afra 'Variegata' (tricolor or rainbow elephant bush) first appeared as a sport (variant growth) of Portulacaria afra.It has cream-and-green leaves and pendant, trailing stems; and forms low, shrubby mounds that spread several feet tall and wide. Oct 16, 2016 - Explore Kyzlen Stein's board "Elephant plant" on Pinterest. Alternatively, you can cut the thicker branch leaving 1 or 2 small stems on each section. The Portulacaria Afra or the Elephant Bush is a perennial succulent shrub native to South Africa. SUCCULENTOPEDIA: Browse succulents by Genus, Family, Scientific Name, Common Name, Origin, or cacti by Genus. Cold drafts and hot, dry air from the heater can stress succulents such as elephant bush, so choose a location away from heater vents and leaky windows. (Optional) Dip the cut end in rooting hormone. Oct 16, 2016 - Explore Kyzlen Stein's board "Elephant plant" on Pinterest. The difference between jade plant and elephant bush is minimal when it comes to gathering and starting the cuttings, so if you've started jade plant before, you'll have no trouble propagating elephant bush. Propagation of Elephant Bush Succulents Likewise, most succulents, elephant bush is capable of reproducing from cuttings briskly—select cuttings in spring or summer for incredible results. Feb 16, 2019 - Portulacaria Afra 'Elephant Bush' how-to guide in caring, propagating, sunlight requirements, watering, soil and growing needs. Phoenix, Arizona(2 reports) Tucson, Arizona. This creates soil that drains well and provides good aeration for your cuttings. Proagating elephant bush (Portulacaria afra) takes very little effort but will yield a big reward. It is huge, about 7 feet wide now, and falling over. University of Wisconsin-Madison Master Gardener Program: Elephant Bush, Portulacaria afra, UC Master Gardeners of Butte County: Succulents: From One There Are Many, Logee's Plants for Home & Garden: Cultural Information - Portulacaria “Mini Jade”. Portulacaria afra (Elephant Food) - An upright growing plant (8-12 feet tall) with reddish brown stems and 1/2 inch long emerald green succulent leaves. Seed Collecting: Unknown - Tell us. This succulent tends to stretch easily if not given enough sunlight, however the stretching isn’t as noticeable as other succulents. Subscribe now and be up to date with our latest news and updates. She has nearly 25 years of experience in the propagation and care of plants.. Take a tip cutting, 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm) long, of your Elephant Bush with a clean, sterilized razor blade. Fertilizing or enriched soil will prevent this plant from flowering. Fertilize plants in containers monthly during the growing season (or more frequently if pruning a lot to grow a dense plant in a small container). Elephant bush cuttings will root in four to six weeks, according to the University of Wisconsin-Madison Master Gardener Program. It produces pink, star-shaped flowers in late winter to early spring, but rarely blooms the southwest desert. Seed Collecting: Unknown - Tell us. Although elephant bush will survive in poor soil, it actually needs a moderate amount of nutrients to support its growth during the growing season. Portulacaria Afra “Elephant Shrub” (likewise called “Hippo Food, or” “Dwarf Jade”) is a huge, bushing succulent that has woody stems and can grow to extraordinary heights if given the appropriate time, nutrients, and finest germinating conditions. I am in the process of doing my research into Portulacaria afra (Elephant's Food, Elephant Bush) My interest in in the propagation and growing of this plant as a food source for uromastyx and bearded dragon lizards as well as a safe plant for vivarium's. Use specially designed succulents and cacti mix fertilizer. 7. A number of plants can be grown from part… Dec 23, 2017 - Want to get more greenery without spending the other kind of green (money)? Remove the bottom leaves from the stem cutting, leaving a 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 cm) section of the stem bare. The best transitions are when the shoot is around 4 inches tall and has started to form a root base. Moisten the soil sparingly, adding water only when it feels dry beneath the surface. Left unpruned, this plant (at least here) grows into a harmless thicket of branches and leaves. How To Propagate Elephant Ear Plant (Tuber & Rhizome Division Guide) 3 views; 4 minute read; 0 Shares 0. In its natural environment, this semi-evergreen plant can grow up to 20 feet tall, and, as mentioned above, it often serves as food for some native cultures and a lot of wildlife species including elephants, kudus, black rhinos, goats, etc. Plant the Cutting. Propagation Methods: From herbaceous stem cuttings. 0. These succulents commonly have a reddish stem and leaves that are green, but also a variegated cultivar is often seen in cultivation. Portulacaria afra (known as elephant bush, dwarf jade plant, porkbush and spekboom in Afrikaans) is a small-leaved succulent plant found in South Africa. In its natural environment, this semi-evergreen plant can grow up to 20 feet tall, and, as mentioned above, it often serves as food for some native cultures and a lot of wildlife species including elephants, kudus, black rhinos, goats, etc. Water the plant around the edges of the pot and not directly on the … Elephant Bush or Portulacaria afra is a versatile succulent that you can grow as a bonsai specimen, in an outdoors succulent garden, or in a hanging basket.The roots of the plant are extremely adaptable and often thrive in shallow bonsai containers. It’s also safe for human consumption and is frequently used in southern African cuisine to add a unique sour flavor to dishes. It produces pink, star-shaped flowers in late winter to early spring, but rarely blooms the southwest desert. See more ideas about plants, elephant plant, house plants. Keep it indoors in a small pot and it will stay a petite, bonsai plant. This succulent propagates best from stem cuttings taken in spring or summer. Bright light, warm temperatures and fast-draining soil are all vital to successfully planting and growing elephant bush, whether it is growing indoors or out in the garden. If you choose to feed your “elephant food plant/pork bush” with a fertilizer, dilute it to half of its recommended strength. Quite the assortment! My succulent elephant foot plant has white flowers with maroon centers and a gray trunk. To grow Portulacaria afra “Elephant Bush” from cuttings, use a sterile, sharp knife or pair of scissors. A Well distributed annual rain fall will result … Large Leaf Elephant Food (Portulacaria afra macrophylla) (Jacobsen): This stemmed succulent is particularly versatile and easy to grow.Plant it outdoors in warm climates and it can grow into a dense, 4.0' tall shrub. 0. In most climates, Elephant's Foot are grown as indoor plants, and the plant is relatively easy to grow from seed. Water whenever the soil has dried out completely. Allow cut surface to callous over before planting. Make sure to cut the dry out and callous for a couple of days and then plant … It is salt tolerant. However, it will look better if it is given a little attention throughout the year. Remove the leaves from the bottom half of the cutting. Portulacaria afra. The plant may survive a frost, but a hard freeze is likely to kill it. The genus name is a combination of Portulaca and ‘arius’ meaning “pertaining to” in reference to the similarity of the genus to the genus Portulaca. It is estimated that these plants make up about 80% of an elephant’s diet. Portulacaria afra grows 6 to 8 feet tall and spreads indefinitely.Use it as a backdrop plant, and/or prune into a hedge. How to Propagate a Portulacaria Afra Plant: Obtain a few stem cuttings or leaf cuttings and let them dry for a day or so. As the name elephant food: Portulacaria afra ) takes very little hands-on care will... 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